VADA - Volkeren Stammen Peoples Tribes G - H GORONTALESE (Indonesië Indonesia). gosha (Kenia - Kenya, Somalië - Somalia) (Native American, USA). indigenous peoples in GUYANA HOTTENTOT (Afrika - africa). HOUMA (Native American, http://www.vada.nl/volkengh.htm
The Situation In Somalia By the seventh century, the indigenous Cushitic peoples had mixed as descendantsof slaves from eastern and southern africa known as gosha who have http://www.dnd.ca/somalia/vol1/v1c11e.htm
Extractions: This chapter is about the political and socio-economic context in which the Canadian Airborne Regiment Battle Group (CARBG) carried out its mission to Somalia. It describes the region's geography, culture, political, and social structure, and surveys significant events leading to the civil war and the end of Siad Barre's regime. It also examines the situation in Somalia when the United Nations intervened and the social and political conditions in Belet Huen when the CARBG was deployed. An understanding of the Somalia context is necessary for evaluating the suitability and operational readiness of the Canadian Airborne Regiment (CAR) and CARBG for service in Africa, as well as for judging the appropriateness of their training for the mission and the adequacy of Canadian military intelligence. Information about Somali society helps in the evaluation of decisions and actions taken in theatre and clarifies how cultural differences between CARBG members and the Somalis may have affected the conduct of operations. Somalia occupies a strategic position in the Horn of Africa. In addition to ties with other African countries, it has close religious and historical links with the Arab and Islamic world and has a seat in both the Organization of African Unity (OAU) and the Arab League. At the time of the CARBG's arrival, Somalia had a population of approximately six million, including refugees.
RESISTANCE RECORDS The Soundtrack For White Revolution concerned for these peoples safety for very slaves) or gosha, according to the indigenous Somalis who are Cushites. Many of the Mushunguli originally lived in South Eastern africa http://www.resistance.com/News/KENYA%20THOUSANDS%20OF%20SOMALIS%20EN%20ROUTE%20T
New Titles Acquisitions Newsletter indigenous peoples Russia (Federation) Siberia africa, SubSaharan gosha (african people)Somalia Qossoldoor History Book DT791 .T48 1984 c.1 History of Botswana http://www.tallahassee.cc.fl.us/dept/library/tp/october2000.htm
Historical Background By the seventh century, the indigenous Cushitic peoples had mixed with of slavesfrom eastern and southern africa known as gosha who have http://www.chrismaier.net/phil/somalia/background.htm
Extractions: An understanding of the Somalia context is necessary for evaluating the suitability and operational readiness of the Canadian Airborne Regiment (CAR) and CARBG for service in Africa, as well as for judging the appropriateness of their training for the mission and the adequacy of Canadian military intelligence. Information about Somali society helps in the evaluation of decisions and actions taken in theatre and clarifies how cultural differences between CARBG members and the Somalis may have affected the conduct of operations.1 Winds can reach almost hurricane force. Between June and September, the swirling dust and sand create difficulties for vehicle and equipment maintenance, requiring special lubricants and fuels. Vehicles create huge dust clouds, restricting visibility to a few metres and making travel difficult. Sand irritates skin and eyes, endangering soldiers separated from their units. Desert conditions of radiant heat, humidity and wind create climatic stress on the body. Following the civil war, the towns between Ethiopia and the port of Bossasso in the Mudug region showed some increased economic activity, while the surrounding countryside showed signs of serious economic collapse.16 In the south, economic collapse followed inter-clan warfare. In towns visited by an assessment team in September 1991,17 many economically active persons were women engaged in petty trading, often separated from their husbands or widowed by war. Government wage employment (mostly benefitting men) had collapsed.
13. Bibliography Besteman, Catherine, The Invention of gosha Slavery, Colonialism Lewis, IM (1994a),peoples of the Horn of The Impact on Minority and indigenous Children (1997 http://www.udlst.dk/udlst_engelsk/sjle1/somaliaeng00/kap13.html
Extractions: Ambroso, Guido, Somalis in the Horn of Africa, a short guide to society and history Besteman, Catherine, The Invention of Gosha: Slavery, Colonialism, and Stigma in Somali History in: Ali Jimale Ahmed ed., The Invention of Somalia (Lawrenceville, 1995) Besteman, Catherine, Unravelling Somalia; Race, Violence, and the Legacy of Slavery (Philadelphia, 1999) British Home Office, Immigration and Nationality Directorate, Country Information and Policy Unit, Somalia Country Assessment (London, October 2000) Cassanelli, Lee., Victims and Vulnerable Groups in Southern Somalia . Occasional Paper. Research Directorate, Documentation, Information and Research Branch, Immigration and Refugee Board (Ottawa, May 1995) Notat om Benadir-befolkningen i Somalia , (Copenhagen, 19 June 2000; in Danish) Notits om Benadir-befolkningen i Somalia , (Copenhagen, January 1999; in Danish) Danish Immigration Service/Swedish Immigration Board, Report on Nordic fact-finding mission to Gedo Region, Somalia (Copenhagen 1999a) Danish Immigration Service/Swedish Immigration Board
Extractions: Home About the Unit Countries Issues ... Site Map ARMED CONFLICT AND MINORITY AND INDIGENOUS CHILDREN IN THE HORN AND GREAT LAKES REGIONS OF AFRICA Report of an International Workshop 23-24 April 1998, Kampala, Uganda Workshop background and aims The Horn and Great Lakes regions of Africa have in recent decades been devastated by internal wars, and their civilian populations have suffered enormously. The UN (Machel) Report on The Impact of Armed Conflict on Children Through the UN Declaration on Minorities and other international instruments, the international community has emphasised the need to protect vulnerable communities, and through the UN (Machel) Report it has expressed grave concern about the impact of armed conflict on children. Recognizing that the welfare of minority and indigenous children is doubly jeopardized in armed conflict, the Human Rights and Peace Centre (HURIPEC), Makerere University, Kampala, Uganda, and Minority Rights Group International (MRG), London, UK, jointly organized the Workshop on Armed Conflict and Minority and Indigenous Children in the Horn and Great Lakes Regions of Africa, held in Kampala on 23-24 April 1998. Child abductions in northern Uganda Aims and objectives The broad aim of the workshop was to address the special problems affecting minority and indigenous children in seven strife-torn countries in the Horn and Great Lakes regions: Burundi, Democratic Republic of Congo (former Zaire), Ethiopia, Rwanda, Somalia, Sudan and Uganda. The specific objectives were:
6. Bantu nearly one hundred thousand Swahilispeaking gosha that are by the Bantu, who arethe true indigenous people and the origins of the Bantu peoples in Somalia http://www.udlst.dk/udlst_engelsk/sjle1/somaliaeng00/kap6.html
Extractions: The delegation met with a group of Bantu elders in Nairobi. These elders explained that normally a Somali of Bantu as well as of non-Bantu origin will refer to a Bantu as a "Jarer", which indicates that the person has strong curly hair. According to Perouse de Montclos the Bantus are also called habash (meaning servants) by the Somali and shanqila by the Ethiopian Oromo along the River Shabelle. The American anthropologist Catherine Besteman regards the term Gosha as referring to the geographical area in which the Bantu live in the Juba Valley area. Gosha is classed as "dense jungle" and denotes the forested banks of the Juba river in Southern Somalia, i.e. the area between Kismayo and the town of Saakow. She makes a distinction between the "Gosha" or Bantu populations of the Juba Valley and the other Bantu farmers of the Shabelle Valley. She claims that the farmers of the Shabelle Valley have a distinct history and a somewhat different position in Somali society. The majority of the riverine farmers of the Juba Valley are descendants of slaves acquired by Somalis in the 19 th century.
Somali E_Journal the ones known as Mushunguli and gosha, resident in These are primarily the Digiland Rahawiin peoples. 99%, Christian less than 1%, indigenous African faiths http://www.2garre.com/sejislam.html
CYBER INISTITUTE OF SOMALI STUDIES koloniale tijd begon met de 'scramble for africa' eind vorige eeuw, waarin het grondgebied der Somali 1998, UNDP (Nairobi, 1999). africa South of the Sahara 2000, Somalia, Recent http://www.2garre.com/cioss
Extractions: Somali News, Views and Links... Government Internet Travel Shopping ... Contact Us CYBER INSTITUTE OF SOMALI STUDIES Top 100 Articles on Somalia Islam in Somalia Warlords All-Somalia ... Racial Mixing a Thing Of The Past 12 March '02 An American paleontologist studying the migration patterns of early humans and has used DNA analysis to overthrow several widely accepted assumptions about how and when people arrived on the continents of Europe and Asia from Africa. Disconnected Country Heads for Collapse 28 November '01 The United States government has shut down Somalia's only Internet service provider, fearing the company has connections with the terrorist organization al-Qaeda. Peace Talks Not As Loud As Expected 1 November '01 President Abdulkassim Salat Hassan and the leaders of several rival political factions have agreed to convene in Nairobi at the request of Kenyan president Daniel arap Moi. UN Withdraws Staff From Mogadishu 25 September '01 The United Nations (UN) has withdrawn dozens of foreign employees from Somalia in reaction to an announcement by international air carriers that flights in and out of the capital, Mogadishu, will no longer be insured. Violence Spreads Outside Capital 7 August '01 Violence in the northeastern port town of Bossaso has claimed the lives of seven and left dozens severely wounded. The strategic port of Bossaso, a key military and trade center in the state of Puntland, has been the site of aggressive clan warfare in recent days.
Extractions: Click Teacher Resource Button to return to the Teacher Resource Main Page Top Top Top Top ... Top Cultural Background - Somalia Official Name: Somali Democratic Republic Capital: Mogadishu Population: Official Language: Somali Type of Government: Republic Total Area: 637,700 sq. km (246,200 sq. mi) History Geography Climate Education ... Suggested Reading History From the 7th to the 10th century, Arab and Persian trading posts were established along the coast of present-day Somalia. Nomadic tribes occupied the interior, occasionally pushing into Ethiopian territory. In the 16th century, Turkish rule extended to the northern coast and the Sultans of Zanzibar gained control in the south. After British occupation of Aden in 1839, the Somali coast became its source of food. The French established a coal mining station in 1862 at the site of Djibouti and the Italians planted a settlement in Eritrea. Egypt, which for a time claimed Turkish rights in the area, was succeeded by Britain. By 1920, a British protectorate and an Italian protectorate occupied what is now Somalia. The British ruled the entire area after 1941, with Italy returning in 1950 to serve as United Nations trustee for its former territory.
RESISTANCE RECORDS The Soundtrack For White Revolution was really only concerned for these peoples safety for gosha (forest) refers to thehistorically wooded section different from those of indigenous Somalis who http://www.resistance.com/News/KENYA THOUSANDS OF SOMALIS EN ROUTE TO AMERICA.ht
New Page 1 settlers, Bajunis, Barawans, Bantus (the indigenous farming community continued tolive in goshaland because point of the remaining Sabaki peoples in Somalia http://www.somalibantu.com/Hist_Sombantu1.htm
Extractions: Report Prepared By: OMAR A. ENO Subject: The Fifth Congress For Somali Studies In Boston Title: The Untold Apartheid In Somalia Imposed on Somali Bantu/Jareer People. Date: November 29, 1993 The Untold Apartheid Imposed On The Somali Bantu/Jareer People In Somalia INTRODUCTION On behalf of the Somali Bantu / Jareer people in Somalia, I would like to take this golden opportunity to congratulate you and to express my gratitude to the honorable College of Holy Cross for hosting this historic event of the 5 th Congress for Somali Studies. I would like to convey a special thanks to all the protagonists for their relentless effort, and to every staff member of the Holy Cross for their genuine support to the participants of this Congress. The significance and magnitude of this paper is intended to emphasis conspicuously and to elaborate in detail the perpetual and persistent atrocities committed against Bantu/Jarer people in Somalia. I appeal to every civilized person .to join me in the struggle to end the long-standing and on-going racism and discrimination which have caused untold sufferings to Bantu/Jarer people since Somalia was founded. This paper will also unveil some crucial information that has always been kept obscure and ambiguous to the outside world. The formidable history of Somali Bantu / Jarer people has been deliberately distorted and made insignificant by every Somali autarchy, as well as callous Somali scholars, who have deliberately contributed to misleading foreign writers.
Extractions: Africa Americas Asia (including Middle East) Europe February 2000 For reference only. This document has been updated in early 2000 where data was available and sources accessible. Work-in-progress. In need of further search, research and selection. It may be incomplete and contain errors of fact. Related information and comments are welcome at the following address: International Alert Februrary 2000 INTRODUCTION Therefore, for purposes of study and action, a programme on NSAs has been positioned in the ICBL under the responsibility of its NSAs Working Group. At this point it comprises a global research and monitoring effort and front-line fieldwork in conflict countries in all continents. The purpose is to appeal to NSAs - through dialogue, discussion and persuasion - for a renunciation of the use of antipersonnel landmines as a means of warfare and a contribution to demining, victim assistance and community reconstruction efforts. One of the first things the programme must do is conduct a full and credible mapping of NSAs in the world today, by region and country. The following Survey gives an indication of the size and complexity of the NSA problem. This document was compiled by the NSA Database of the Non State Actors Working Group of the ICBL. It reflects the situation in the world into the year 2000.
LONG RANGER 33 (part 1) the suspected original home of Homo Sapiens before the migration out of africa. ofthe logistical preparation made very effectively by George (gosha) Starostin http://www.people.fas.harvard.edu/~witzel/LR33.htm
Extractions: LONG RANGER 33 (part 1) Newsletter of the Association for the Study of Language in Prehistory. (formerly Mother Tongue Newsletter) Issue 33. (Part 1) September 2001. The Assocation for the Study of Language in Prehistory (ASLIP) is a nonprofit organization, incorporated under the laws of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Its purpose is to encourage and support the study of language in prehistory in all fields and by all means, including research on the early evolution of human language, supporting conferences, setting up a data bank, and publishing a newsletter (Long Ranger) and a journal (Mother Tongue) to report these activities. Membership : Annual dues for ASLIP membership, including subscriptions to Long Ranger newsletter and Mother Tongue journal, are U.S. $25 in all countries, except those with currency problems (e.g., Russia). Please send membership fees to: Peter Norquest tel: 520-903-0648 ASLIP Treasurer e-mail: Norquesp@U.ARIZONA.edu 1632 Santa Rita Avenue Tucson, AZ 85719 U.S.A. Long Ranger Editor (for this section): Michael Witzel ASLIP President Harvard University 2 Divinity Ave.
Extractions: by area Africa Central Asia Europe Middle East North America Oceania South America South East Asia Worldwide by country Afghanistan Argentina Australia Barbados Bermuda Brazil Canada China Cyprus Denmark Ecuador Egypt England Finland France Germany India Indonesia Ireland Italy Japan Japan - Okinawa Kazakhstan Laos Luxembourg Mexico Mongolia Morocco Nepal Netherlands New Zealand Papua New Guinea Philippines Russia Scotland Singapore Slovenia South Africa South Korea Spain Taiwan Thailand Turkey UEA US Virgin Islands USA Venezuela Vietnam Wales Worldwide Zambia by month January February March April May June July August September October November December by type Beer Bizarre Music by hot spot America Britain India Italy Japan Mexico Philippines Spain Festival: Itel'men Tribal Harvest Festival by: L. Peat O'neil Out on the tundra, eyes level with the humps of juniper and blueberry bushes, I crouched and surveyed the horizon. The violet, burnt orange, purple, and brick red rolled in waves to the fading blue sky. Sunset on the far eastern reaches of Siberia. I breathed deeply, forcing my body to remember the fresh piercing scent of the brush bagulnik and cold ground waiting for the first fall freeze. This is what I must remember of Kamchatka.
Untitled UH Shared Databased Unlinked Series Headings from LTI http://www2.hawaii.edu/~elizab/series_unlinked.html